Discuss characteristic findings of immune dysfunction 

Discuss characteristic findings of immune dysfunction for either hypersensitivity reactions or AIDS. Explain what symptomology the patient would exhibit and how these symptoms may complicate daily living and relationships. (250)

Discuss characteristic findings of immune dysfunction

DQ 1:
Discuss characteristic findings of immune dysfunction for either hypersensitivity reactions or AIDS. Explain what symptomology the patient would exhibit and how these symptoms may complicate daily living and relationships. (250)

DQ 2:
Discuss what symptoms are associate with anaphylactic shock and how the nurse differentiates these from other conditions or issues. Further, what steps should be taken if the nurse suspects anaphylactic shock? (250)

Each DQ  question must have at least one in text citation

More details;

Hypersensitivity reactions (HR) are immune responses that are exaggerate or inappropriate against an antigen or allergen. Coombs and Gell classified hypersensitivity reactions into four forms. Type I, type II, and type III hypersensitivity reactions are immediate hypersensitivity reactions (IHR) because occur within 24 hours. Antibodies including IgE, IgM, and IgG mediate them.

Type I or Anaphylactic Response

Anaphylactic Responseis mediated by IgE antibodies that are produced by the immune system in response to environmental proteins (allergens) such as pollens, animal danders or dust mites. These antibodies (IgE) bind to mast cells and basophils, which contain histamine granules that are release in the reaction and cause inflammation. Type I hypersensitivity reactions can be in bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic dermatitis, food allergy, allergic conjunctivitis, and also anaphylactic shock.

Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency because can lead to an acute, life-threatening respiratory failure. It is an IgE-mediated process. It is the most severe form of an allergic reaction, where mast cells suddenly release a large amount of histamine and later on leukotrienes. In severe cases intense bronchospasm, laryngeal edema, cyanosis, hypotension, and shock are present.

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